North America


North America is a continent in the Northern Hemisphere and is sort of absolutely inside the Western Hemisphere. [B] It is bounded by using the Arctic Ocean in the north, the Atlantic Ocean in the east, and South America, and the Caribbean Sea in the southeast. And to the west and south via the Pacific Ocean. Since it’s miles on the North American tectonic plate, Greenland is protected geographically as part of North America. Click here

North America covers an area of ​​approximately 24,709,000 rectangular kilometers (9,540,000 sq.Mi), which is set sixteen.Five% of Earth’s land area and about four.Eight% of its overall surface. North America is the third largest continent by area, after Asia and Africa, and the fourth biggest by way of population after Asia, Africa, and Europe. In 2013, it had a populace of approximately 579 million in 23 impartial states, or approximately 7.Five% of the arena’s population. In human geography and within the English-speaking global outdoor the USA, especially in Canada, “North America” ​​and “North American” can also refer handiest to Canada and the USA together. [6] [7] [8] [9] ][10]

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North America reached its first human population over the last glacial length, crossing the Bering Land Bridge about 20,000 to 17,000 years ago. The so-known as Paleo-Indian duration is a concept to this point returned to approximately 10,000 years ago (the beginning of the Archaic or Meso-Indian length). The classical stage spans from about the sixth to the 13th century. The first Europeans to visit North America (besides Greenland) have been the Norse around AD a thousand. The arrival of Christopher Columbus in 1492 brought about a transatlantic trade that covered the migration of European settlers at some point during the Age of Discovery and the early modern period. Present-day cultural and ethnic patterns reflect interactions between European colonists, indigenous peoples, African slaves, immigrants from Europe, and Asia, and the descendants of those corporations.

Due to Europe’s colonization of the Americas, maximum North Americans talk European languages ​​which include English, Spanish, or French, and their cultures generally replicate Western traditions. However, in Canada, the United States, Mexico, and elements of Central America, indigenous populations continue their cultural traditions and talk their personal languages.

The Americas are generally believed to be named after the Italian explorer Amerigo Vespucci, with the aid of German cartographers Martin Waldseemüller and Matthias Ringmann. Vespucci, who explored South America between 1497 and 1502, was the primary European to indicate that the Americas had been no longer the East Indies, but a separate landmass formerly unknown by way of Europeans. In 1507, Waldseemüller organized a global map in which he placed the phrase “America” ​​at the continent of South America, that is these days Brazil. He defined the purpose for the name in the accompanying ebook Cosmographiae Introduction: “Ab Americo inventor … Quasi America team sive americanum (discoverers from America … As if it have been the land of the Americas, for that reason America)”. [12] What become recognized approximately the North American continent was called Perias above gift-day Mexico. [13] A 1553 global map posted by means of Petrus Appianus in his Charta Cosmographica, Cum Ventorum propria Natura et opper [14], North America, turned into referred to as baccalaureate, which means “cod fish”, in reference to the abundance of cod fish at the east coast. Region of”, .[15]

For Waldseemüller, nobody should item to the naming of the land after its discoverer. He used the Latinized model of Vespucci’s name (Americus Vespuccius), but in its female form “America”, following the examples of “Europa”, “Asia” and “Africa”. Later, different cartographers extended the call of the Americas to the northern continent, discarding the usage of “Prius”. In 1538, Gerard Mercator used the Americas on his map of the world for the complete Western Hemisphere. [16]

Some argue that because the convention is to apply surnames for naming searches (except in the case of royalty), the etymology of “Amerigo Vespucci” can be puzzled. [17] In 1874, Thomas Belt published Indigenous Names of the Amaurisk Mountains of Central America; [18] The following yr, Jules Marco cautioned that the name of the continent stems from a mountain variety. [19] Marco corresponded with Augustus Le Plongon, who wrote: “The name AMERICA or AMERIQUE within the Mayan language method the land of perpetual wind, or the land of the wind, and … [suffix] be can … A soul that breathes lifestyles itself.”[16]

Mercator noted North America as “America or New India” (India Nova with Americas) on his map. [20] The Spanish Empire noted its territories in North and South America as “Las Indias”; The country frame overseeing them turned into the Council of the Indies.


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